Herzliya Travel Guide

Herzliya (Hebrew: הֶרְצְלִיָּה‎‎) is a city in the central coast of Israel, at the western part of the Tel Aviv District.

It has a population of 87,000 residents.[1] Named after Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism, Herzliya covers an area of 26 km². At its western municipal boundaries is Herzliya Pitu'ah, one of Israel´s most affluent districts, home to ambassadors, foreign diplomats and businessmen.

History
Herzliya, named after Theodor Herzl,was founded in 1924 as a semi-cooperative farming community (moshava) with a mixed population of new immigrants and veteran residents. After the establishment of the state in 1948, large numbers of immigrants settled there. In 1960, when the population reached 25,000, Herzliya was declared a city.[

Demographics
According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, residents of Herzliya are among the wealthiest in Israel. In 2003–2005, average monthly salaries were NIS 8,211, or about NIS 1,500 above average in a survey of Israel´s 15 largest cities. However, there is a large gap between the city´s seven working class neighborhoods, among them Yad Tisha, Neve Yisrael and Neve Amal, and upscale Herzliya Pituah. The population is older than that of other cities in the Sharon region: 18% are under 14 years old, compared to a national average of 27.5%.

Education and culture
 In a quality of life survey in 2008, Herzliya ranked second highest among Israel´s 15 largest cities. Investment in education was higher than all other cities in the survey and more high school students were eligible for a bagrut matriculation certificate. The Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center is a private college that offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in government, business administration, law, computer science and other academic disciplines.

Herzliya Marina
Israel´s largest television and film studio, Herzliya Studios (Ulpanei Herzliya), is located in Herzliya. The Herzliya Marina was built in the 1970s. The city has a small airport (code: HRZ), three shopping malls (Arena Mall, Seven Stars Mall and the Outlet), movie theaters, museums, cultural centers and a stadium. In 2008, the Herzliya Cinematheque opened in the downtown area of the city
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